Renal Transplantation (Kidney Transplant) Abroad
Kidney Transplant package: US $ 17,000 - $ 60,000
India [Joint Commission Accredited-Hospitals]
Mexico, Jordan[World-Class Hospitals]
India, Jordan and Mexico are the top international centers for having a
kidney transplant, thanks to the low cost of the procedure, no waiting lines,
and availability of expert nephrologists and ultra-modern hospitals. Patients
going to India for kidney transplant must be accompanied by the living donor,
who must also be a family member, like father, mother, brother, sister, son,
daughter, or spouse. Mexico & Jordan also accept living donor kidney transplants.
Cadaver donor transplants, in most countries abroad, is highly limited, due
to the prevailing laws.
In kidney transplantation, a kidney from a donor is implanted in the body
of a patient who has an irreversible kidney failure or end-stage renal disease.
The patient's kidneys are in such a poor condition that they can no longer
keep him/her alive.
At such a stage, medicines do not work, and the patient is left with only
two alternatives: kidney transplant or dialysis. Dialysis refers to the process
of artificially filtering the blood. It keeps the patient alive, but restricts
his routine significantly because of the dialysis schedule, fragile health,
There are two types of kidney donors: living and non-living (or cadaver donor).
Living donors choose to donate one of their kidneys. Non-living donors are
those who have allowed organs to be taken from their bodies when they die.
Both types can be successful transplants.
For the kidney transplantation to happen, the donor and the recipient must have similar chemical characteristics called antigens. Else, the recipient's immune system will reject the new kidney.
In the United States, every patient who needing a kidney transplant is registered
with the United
Network of Organ Sharing (UNOS). As matching donor organs with recipients
is critical, transplant waiting times in the U.S. may vary from a few months
to several years. Similarly, U.K. and Canada, too, have long waiting lines.
Medical tourism destinations like India and Mexico offer superior quality
and quicker kidney transplants, at lower costs.
Renal transplantation is now considered a very safe procedure. A 2002
study indicates that the current survival rates for grafts from cadavers
are around 88% and 60% at one and 10 years after transplantation, respectively,
while comparable rates for grafts from living donors are in excess of 95%
and 70%. Rejection rates have fallen over the years, and rejection is now
an uncommon cause of early loss of a graft.
Renal Transplantation Procedure
The new kidney is placed on the lower right or left side of the abdomen where
it is connected to adjacent blood vessels. This positioning of the new kidney
helps to easily connect it to the blood vessels and the bladder. The new kidney's
ureter is attached to the bladder to allow urine to pass out of the body.
The diseased kidneys are not removed, except in these cases:
Repeated infection that could affect the transplanted kidney
Uncontrollable hypertension brought on by the original kidneys
Back flow of urine into the kidneys
Laparoscopic Kidney Removal
This is a relatively newer method, though technologically highly advanced.
In this minimally invasive method, four or more small incisions are made in
the abdominal wall. Instruments are inserted through these punctures to see,
dissect, clip, and staple. Once the kidney is freed from its attachments,
it is extracted from the abdomen through a 3-inch supra-pubic or peri-umbilical
incision and cooled. It is then prepared for immediate implantation into the
As with all minimally invasive procedures, laparoscopic kidney removal causes
less pain, cuts down hospital stay from five days to just a day or two, and
hence there is a faster return to normal activity for the donor.
Who is a Candidate for Kidney Transplant?
Anyone with end-stage renal disease is considered a candidate for kidney
transplant. However, certain other criteria, too, have to be met. Like, no
active infections; cancer; or severe circulatory problems involving the heart,
brain or major blood vessels. You must also be willing to take medication
for the rest of your life to prevent your body from rejecting the new kidney.
How to Prepare for Kidney Transplantation
Eat healthy, take the prescribed medications, and follow a daily exercise
program. Your doctor will advise you on what kind of exercises you can
Carry on with your regular activities, like work, till your surgery, but do not exert yourself too much. You don't have to put everything on hold.
If you smoke or have problems with substance abuse, you will have to go through a treatment program before the kidney transplantation.
Precautions to be Taken after Kidney Transplantation
After you get your new kidney, you should be extra careful to maintain a healthy lifestyle, so that the new kidney can function properly and give you many years of use. A healthy transplanted kidney can last from 8 to 25 years.
You and your family must keep in touch with your nephrologist.
Before you leave the hospital, you will be instructed on proper doses
of and schedule for anti-rejection medications. These instructions must
be strictly followed, otherwise, the medication can actually harm your
You will be shown how to check your blood pressure, temperature, and
urine at home. After each reading, you must jot them down. If you see
any abnormalities, report it to your doctor immediately. The earlier you
detect rejection, the better are the chances of reversing it.
Immunosuppressants, prescribed by your doctor, need to be taken as long
as you have your new kidney.
Any pre-existing health conditions, like diabetes or high blood pressure,
must be kept in control.
Do not miss the follow-up appointments with your doctor to evaluate any
signs of rejection.
You will have regular blood and urine tests to check for any signs of kidney failure. An ultrasound of the graft kidney is done to see if there are structural abnormalities suggesting rejection.
Women who wish to conceive have to wait for about 2 years after the operation.
Benefits of Renal Transplantation
A kidney transplant is like a new lease of life to patients with irreversible kidney failure. It eliminates the need for dialysis and helps patients live a regular, active life.
Risks or Complications of Kidney Transplant
Relapse (rare, but possible)
High blood cholesterol
Weakening of the bones
Increased risk of kidney rejection and fetal complications during pregnancy
Alternatives to Kidney Transplantation
For patients with end-stage renal disease, there are really no other alternatives to kidney transplantation apart from dialysis, which restricts the patient's life to a huge degree.
Kidney Transplantation in India, Jordan and Mexico
A kidney transplant is a very expensive affair in the US, with base prices
beginning from $100,000. As a result, it is out of reach of many people, especially
those who are not insured. This is the reason why increasing numbers of people
are going abroad, to countries like India and Mexico for renal transplant.
Not only are the rates much lower than that in the U.S., India also provides
superior medical treatment in the form of kidney
transplant experts and personalized services. But, please note that very
few cadaver donor transplants are done in India; the majority are living donor
transplants. And patients must bring their living donor with them.
Renal transplantation undoubtedly changes your life for the better. However,
it does have a few risks (though rare) and requires your commitment to a healthy
lifestyle. Successful kidney transplant hospitals should have a good nephrologist,
cardiothoracic surgeon and urologist.
National Kidney Foundation
The Kidney Foundation of Canada
- Kidney removal
Medical Tourism Corporation facilitates affordable kidney transplant abroad in countries like India, Jordan and Mexico. Fill out the free estimate request form for a free quote & more information.